Using information from the Ancestry website, here is a time line for James Patterson and Sarah Powers Caulk.
James Patterson Caulk was born about 1794 in Kentucky. His parents were Jacob and Abigail Patterson Caulk. No birth records have been found to document this information.
Sarah Powers was born April 5, 1802 in North Carolina. Her parents were Ephraim and Christiana Cahoon Powers. No birth records have been found to document this information.
Sometime before 1820, James Patterson Caulk and Sarah Powers met and married, probably in Tennessee. When the 1820 United States Federal Census was enumerated on August 7, 1820, James was listed (only the name of the head of household was given) and living in Rutherford County, Tennessee. Data given was one male under the age of 10, one male between ages of 16-25, and one female between ages of 16-25. The child would have been William Henderson Caulk. James was engaged in agriculture.
“From Tennessee, in 1821, came Ephraim Powers and his family, with his sons-in-law James Caulk and Joshua Perkins. The discomfitures of frontier life and the prevalence of disease caused dissatisfaction and they returned to their old home in the south, but in 1824 were back in Macoupin County Powers first settled on the place improved by Richard Wilhelm.” (History of Macoupin County, Illinois)
Between 1822 and 1829, James and Sarah had five more children – Benjamin Franklin, Martha, James Nathaniel, Narcissa Christianna, and Sarah Jane. All were born in Rutherford County, Tennessee.
When the 1830 United States Federal Census was taken, James, Sarah and their family were living in Macoupin County, Illinois. Again the census only gave the name of the head of household. Data on the census indicates there were five children, two boys and three girls. Evidently, one of their children was deceased. I think it may have been Benjamin Franklin.
Between 1831 and 1842, the Patterson family grew. Five more children were born – Allen Monroe, Hardena Sofrony, Mary Abigail, Jacob Harry, and John Lafayette.
A land record from the Illinois Public Land Purchase Records (found on the Ancestry website) indicates that James P. Caulk purchased 8000 acres of land in Illinois on March 7, 1836.
James Caulk and family appear on the 1840 United States Federal Census living in Macoupin County, Illinois. Only head of household is listed by name. Household included 1 male between 5-9; 1 male between 10-14; 1 male between 15-19; 1 male between 40-49; 2 females under 5; 2 females 10-14; 2 females 30-39. James was employed in agriculture.
A land record from the U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907 (found on the Ancestry website) indicates that James P. Caulk purchased land in Illinois on January 1, 1840.
James Patterson Caulk died on November 30, 1842 in Macoupin County, Illinois. At this time, I do not have a death or burial record for James P. Caulk. His wife, Sarah, was buried in the Kirkland Cemetery in Montgomery County. I contacted the Montgomery County Genealogical Society in 2009 and was told that it is possible he was buried in this cemetery but there was no stone present for James P. Caulk when the cemetery was “read” in 2000.
Sarah Caulk was located on the 1850 United States Federal Census. She was living in Macoupin County, Illinois. Two of her children, Jacob and Hardena, were included in the listing.
Sarah Caulk was located on the 1870 United States Federal Census in the residence of her son, Jacob H., and his wife, Mary Jane. They lived in Madison County, Illinois. I was not able to find Sarah on the 1860 or 1870 censes. It is likely she lived with one of her children.
Sarah Caulk died on April 7, 1878 in Sorento, Montgomery, Illinois. She was buried in the Kirkland Cemetery.
Ancestry.com. 1820 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2004.
Ancestry.com. 1830 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT; The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.
Ancestry.com. 1840 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT: MyFamily.com, Inc., 2004.
Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generation Network, Inc., 2005.
Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003.
Ancestry.com. U.S. General Land Office Records, 1796-1907 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2008.
Ancestry.com. Web: Illinois, Find A Grave Index, 1809-2012 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.
State of Illinois, Illinois Land Records. [database online] Orem, UT: Ancestry, Inc., 1999.
U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=35268680&ref=acom
Walker, Hon. Charles A., History of Macoupin County, Illinois, S.J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1911.