Seraphin and Marieanna “Anne” Hubschwerlen LeBus

Both Seraphin and Marieanna “Anne” Hubschwerlen LeBus were born in Larigitzen, Haut-Rhin, Alsace, France. He was the son of Ludwig and Sophia Martin LeBus and her parents were Sigismund and Anna Marie Mieschberger Hubschwerlen. The year of Seraphin’s birth was 1799 and Anna’s was 1803.

Before immigrating to America, Seraphin and Anne lived with their children in Alsace, France which is located on the eastern border of France on the west bank of the Rhine. It is adjacent to Germany and Switzerland, so it abounds in both French and German influences. Our LeBus ancestors resided in Alsace during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries and those were years when its citizens were subjected to a number of conflicts greatly affecting their lives and wellbeing. In the mid-1820’s, the country was recovering from foreign occupation. A dramatic surge in population growth caused an economic depression resulting in hunger, housing shortages and lack of work. This may have been the reason for the LeBus family immigrating to America.(Letter regarding LeBus family – click link)

We have some documentation of this LeBus family in a transcription of Seraphin’s will dated 14th day of April A.D. 1868. Their four sons, Morandus, Lewis, Francis Joseph and Anthony along with two daughters, Anne Swaney and Mary Ewing are mentioned. They may have had two other daughters (Marieanna and Teresa) who died as infants but we have no information documenting that. (Last-Will-and-Testament-of-Seraphin-LeBus.pdf – click link)

Even though I have not located Seraphin LeBus and his family on a passenger list or found a naturalization record for him, I am led to believe they immigrated to America between 1826 and 1831, just before or after their second son, Anthony, was born April 11, 1828. The census records for him give his birth place as France and Pennsylvania, so that muddies the water a bit. Daughter Anne LeBus was born January 9, 1831 in Columbiana County, Ohio.

Between 1832 and 1838, Seraphin and Anne had four more children – Mary Elizabeth, Lewis, Teresa and Joseph. Less than a year after Joseph was born, Anne died on April 1, 1939 in Dungannon, Columbiana County, Ohio. She was buried in St. Paul’s Cemetery.

Seraphim Labes can be found in the 1840 United States Federal Census living in Hanover, Columbiana, Ohio with a household consisting of nine people. (Note misspelled name.) The 1840 census gives only the name of the head of household with age ranges for other members of the household. Listed are one male and one female under five years old; one male and two females between the ages of five and nine; two males between the ages of ten and fourteen; one male between the ages of thirty and thirty-nine; and one female between the ages of seventy and seventy-nine. Seraphin’s wife, Anne, died in April 1, 1839, so perhaps the older female was her mother.

When the 1850 United States Federal Census was taken, Seraphin was living in Hanover, Columbiana, Ohio, with six of his children – Anthony, Ann, Mary, Lewis, Theresa and Joseph. The name is misspelled as “Seraphim Lepus,” a common occurrence on census records. Seraphin was farming with the help of his two older sons, Anthony and Lewis.

I have not yet found Seraphin on the 1860 United States Federal Census, but he probably continued to live in Columbiana County. We have a transcription of his last will and testament signed on April 14, 1868. He died a short time later on June 12, 1868 in Dungannon and was buried with his wife, Anne, in St. Paul’s Cemetery.

Seraphin and Anne Lebus Grave Marker

Sources

Ancestry.com. 1840 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.

Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005.

Ancestry.com. Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015.

Ancestry.com. Web: Ohio, Find A Grave Index, 1803-2011 [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.

Hubschwerlen, Eugene, Correspondence with Frank LeBus, February 8, 1937, Largitzen, France.

LeBus, Seraphin, Last Will and Testament of Seraphin LeBus, Transcription, April 14, 1868, Columbiana, Ohio.

Seraphin LeBus Pedigree Chart (click link)

Seraphin LeBus FGS (click link)

 

 

Andrew Morandus and Margaret Simington LeBus

Andrew Morandus LeBus

Andrew Morandus LeBus came to America with his family from Alsace, France which is located on the eastern border of France on the west bank of the Rhine. It is adjacent to Germany and Switzerland, so it abounds in both French and German influences. Our LeBus ancestors resided in Alsace during the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, years when its citizens were subjected to a number of conflicts greatly affecting their lives and wellbeing. When Andrew was born July 14, 1826 in Largitzen, Alsace, France, the country was recovering from foreign occupation. A dramatic surge in population growth caused an economic depression resulting in hunger, housing shortages and lack of work. This may have been the reason for the LeBus family immigrating to America. (Click link – Letter to Frank LeBus)

Andrew was either the first or second child of Seraphin and Marieanna “Anne” Hubschwerlen LeBus. We have some documentation of this family in a transcription of Seraphin’s will dated 14th day of April A.D. 1868. Their four sons, Morandus, Lewis, Francis Joseph and Anthony along with two daughters, Anne Swaney and Mary Ewing are mentioned. They may have had two other daughters (Marieanna and Teresa) who died as infants but we have no information documenting that. (Click link – Last Will and Testament of Seraphin LeBus)

Even though I have not located this LeBus family on a passenger list or found a naturalization record for Seraphin, I am led to believe they immigrated to America between 1826 and 1831, after Andrew’s birth. Their son Anthony LeBus was born April 11, 1828, and census records for him give his birth place as France and Pennsylvania, so that muddies the water a bit. Daughter Anne LeBus was born January 9, 1831, in Columbiana County, Ohio.

SERAPHIN LEBUS FAMILY SETTLE IN OHIO

Andrew’s father, Seraphim Labes, can be found in the 1840 United States Federal Census living in Hanover, Columbiana, Ohio with a household consisting of nine people. (Note misspelling of name.) The 1840 census gives only the name of the head of household with age ranges for other members of the household. Listed are one male and one female under five years old; one male and two females between the ages of five and nine; two males between the ages of ten and fourteen; one male between the ages of thirty and thirty-nine; and one female between the ages of seventy and seventy-nine. Seraphin’s wife Anne died in April 1, 1839, so perhaps the older female was her mother.

Andrew Morandus LeBus married Margaret Simington in 1845 and they are recorded on the 1850 United States Federal Census living in Smith, Mahoning, Ohio, with their two children, Mary A. (Ann) age four and Thomas C. age one. The name is incorrectly spelled as Labus. Andrew’s given birthplace is France. Margaret and children were born in Ohio.

ANDREW, MARGARET AND FAMILY MOVE TO ILLINOIS

By 1860 the LeBus family had moved to Wayne County, Illinois, and five more children were added to the household – John, George, Jackson, Ida and Nancy. Andrew’s given occupation was blacksmith. Unfortunately, I have no data or family lore that explains when they moved to Illinois or the reason for their move. Several of his siblings moved to Kentucky but none to Illinois. The years leading up to the Civil War were a turbulent time in America, so perhaps it played a part in the family’s move.

I have not found a record showing Andrew was enlisted in the military, but like all people at that time, he and his family must have been impacted by it. Here is an excerpt from an article from USGenWeb Archives entitled, “Life in Wayne County during the Civil War, Wayne County, Illinois.”

 When the call reached Wayne County there was great excitement. All the loyal men hurriedly met to make plans to go to Mt. Vernon to enlist. But first, they must decide how their families should be cared for and protected during their absence.

They agreed that those with some physical disability and the few physicians should remain to protect and defend the homes and families if it should be necessary. Also, the crops must be put in for food and it would require some who were able bodied to organize the young boys and girls and plant and care for each farm.

At this time, many of the community sympathized with the Southerners and they called a meeting and organized a society called ‘The Knights of the Golden Circle’ to act as spies against the Northern men, and hinder them in every way possible and to give assistance to the Southern Army…

To combat this marauding society, the Union League was organized. A meeting was called at the home of Syria J. Branson and by unanimous vote he was elected to be captain of the League.

This gives us a glimpse of the chaotic atmosphere. The Civil War was being waged between states and within communities. We have heard about families and family members turning against each other, and that must have been the case in Wayne County, Illinois. It makes me wonder how Andrew reacted to this situation. Was he a supporter of the Union or the Confederacy?

When the 1870 United States Federal Census was conducted, Andrew and his family had moved to Flora, Illinois, and they had three more children – Lydia (7), Lincoln (5) and Joseph (1). Their son Jackson was not listed so I think he died before 1870. Andrew and his three sons, John, Thomas and George, all give “blacksmith” as occupations. One interesting note is that Andrew gave his place of birth as Pennsylvania. I have no idea why this occurred since in other census records he gave France.

Andrew and Margaret remained in Flora, Illinois for the remainder of their lives. They had one more daughter, Margaret “Maggie” Jane, born in 1871. One the 1900 United States Federal Census we find information that they had eleven children, three of which died before 1900. Andrew was continuing his work as a blacksmith along with his son Joseph. This son, along with his wife and three daughters, lived with Andrew and Margaret.

Andrew died August 1, 1900, and is buried in the Elmwood Cemetery in Clay County, Illinois.

Other than census records and death information, I have little data about Margaret Simington LeBus. She was born May 3, 1826, in Columbiana County, Ohio. Census records give Ireland as the birth place of her father and Ohio for her mother. Of course there are no names of parents.

Margaret died February 28, 1913 in Flora, Illinois. Like her husband she is buried in the Elmwood Cemetery, Clay County, Illinois. The following is an excerpt from her obituary appearing in The Southern Illinois Record, March 6, 1913. The obituary and burial information can also be located on the Find A Grave website, Memorial number 32539952.

Mrs. Lebus was converted and became a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church in Dungano, O., at the age of fourteen years and remained a faithful member till called to the church on high.

Mrs. Lebus and her husband were charter members of the Flora M. E. Church and bore a full share in the erection of the present church edifice. They were interested and helpful factors in all the work of the church.

The present generation is greatly indebted to the fathers and mothers gone before who by their toils and sacrifices laid the foundation, stimulated the growth and made possible the religious privileges of the present.

Today we honor the name and pay a tribute of affection to one of these pioneers, now called to her eternal reward. It is ours to carry on the unfinished task, while she rests from her labors…

The death of Mrs. Lebus removes from Flora another one of its oldest and most highly respected pioneer citizens. She was a woman of strong character, loyal and true to her church, her friends and all good work.

Sources

Ancestry.com. 1840 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.

Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.

Ancestry.com. 1860 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.

Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009.

Ancestry.com. and The Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA.: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.

Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2004.

Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006.

Hbschweriaen, Eugene, Correspondence with Frank LeBus, February 8, 1937, Largitzen, France.

LeBus, Seraphin, Last Will and Testament of Seraphin LeBus, Transcription, April 14, 1868, Columbiana, Ohio.

Web: Illinois, Find A Grave Index, 1809-2012 http://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=Web

Written by Lucy Ann Nance Croft, 2014

Andrew M. LeBus Pedigree Chart (click link) Andrew M. LeBus Pedigree Chart

Andrew M. LeBus Family Group Sheet (click link) Andrew M. LeBus FGS – Document

 

John Blackburn LeBus

John Blackburn LeBus

John Blackburn LeBus was born December 7, 1850, in Columbiana County, Ohio, the third child of Andrew and Margaret Simmington LeBus. Even though information on the LeBus family is limited, we know from census records that his father was born in Largitzen, Alsace, France, and his mother was born in Ohio. Nevertheless, I think we can rightfully say that John and his siblings were among the first generation Americans.

Agriculture was a principal industry in Columbiana County in the years John’s family lived there, but there were other small varieties of business and manufacturing developing such as grist and flour mills, sawmills, and paper mills. We know from the 1860 U.S. Federal Census information that Andrew LeBus was a blacksmith by trade. (John would later follow in his footsteps.)

By 1860 the LeBus family is living in Wayne County, Illinois, and they have added to their fold. Listed on the 1860 United States Federal Census are Andrew and Margaret Labus (note misspelled name) and their seven children: Mary A. (14), Thomas (12), John (10), George (8), Jackson (6), Ida L. (4), and Nancy E. (1).

I have found no military record of John’s father, Andrew, enlisting in the Civil War, but like all people at that time, they must have been impacted by it. Here is an excerpt from an article in the USGenWeb Archives entitled, “Life in Wayne County during the Civil War, Wayne County, Illinois.”

 When the call reached Wayne County there was great excitement. All the loyal men hurriedly met to make plans to go to Mt. Vernon to enlist. But first, they must decide how their families should be cared for and protected during their absence.

They agreed that those with some physical disability and the few physicians should remain to protect and defend the homes and families if it should be necessary. Also, the crops must be put in for food and it would require some who were able bodied to organize the young boys and girls and plant and care for each farm.

At this time, many of the community sympathized with the Southerners and they called a meeting and organized a society called ‘The Knights of the Golden Circle’ to act as spies against the Northern men, and hinder them in every way possible and to give assistance to the Southern Army…

To combat this marauding society, the Union League was organized. A meeting was called at the home of Syria J. Branson and by unanimous vote he was elected to be captain of the League.

This gives us a small glimpse of the chaotic atmosphere. The Civil War was being waged between states and within communities. We have heard about families and family members turning against each other, and that must have been the case in Wayne County, Illinois. It makes me wonder how John’s father reacted to this situation. Was he a supporter of the Union or the Confederacy?

Sometime before 1870 the LeBus family moved to Flora, Clay County, Illinois. According to the 1870 United States Federal Census, John was listed as 19 years old and his occupation was given as “Blacksmith.” Along with his parents, seven other siblings are listed. Three more LeBus children were born since the 1860 census – Lydia (7), Lincoln (5), and Joseph (1).

JOHN BLACKBURN MARRIES LUCY ANN LEYBURN

John met his bride-to-be in Flora, and her name was Lucy Ann “Annie” Leyburn. They married October 6, 1872. By 1874 they had started their family with the birth of a daughter, Maggie. During the next six years their family grew even more with the births of George Franklin, December 14, 1876; Archie, 1877; and Laura, 1878.

By 1880 John, Annie, and their family were living in Loudon, Tennessee. Perhaps they moved there to be near her siblings. From information on the 1880 United States Federal Census, John (listed as J.A. Lebus) is continuing his trade as a blacksmith. Along with Annie (24) the children are listed as Marie (should be Maggie), Archie,

George and Leif (should be Link).This fourth child, Lincoln, was given the nickname “Link.” For some reason, their daughter Laura is not shown on the census record.

The 1890 United States Federal Census is no longer in existence. Only a few fragments survived a fire at the Commerce Department in Washington, D.C. on January 10, 1921. Neither Indiana nor Illinois have records serving as a census substitute. Therefore, there is a large span of time where I have no recorded information for John and Annie LeBus.

There is no record of why the LeBus family returned to Illinois or where they resided, but from information on the 1900 United States Federal Census, we know that three more of their children were born in Illinois. John Ervin was born December 24, 1881 in Illinois; Ruby was born 1886 in Illinois; and Goldie was born 1888 in Illinois.

JOHN, ANNIE AND FAMILY MOVE TO PERRY, OKLAHOMA

By 1900 the LeBus family is living in Perry, Noble County, Oklahoma. The family name is shown on the 1900 United States Federal Census as Labus. Listed are John B. Labus (50), Anna Labus (45), Ruby Labus (13), Golle (11), Beatrice Labus (7), Irene Labus (4), and John Labus (19). Both Beatrice and Irene were born in Oklahoma.

I am sure John’s life was drastically altered when his wife, Annie, died July 16, 1905. However, John can be found on the 1910 United States Federal Census and he had remarried. Though the name is spelled “Leber,” there is a John Leber, age 59. He was born in Ohio, and his father was born in France. His wife is listed as Clarence Leber, age 52. It shows that they have been married two years. John Leber’s occupation is shown as “Blacksmith.” Census information shows his two youngest daughters, Beatrice and Irene, were living with their sister Laura and her husband, Edward Bullock, in Coal Creek, Pawnee, Oklahoma.

John Blackburn LeBus died December 29, 1915, in Perry, Noble, Oklahoma, and was buried in the Grace Hill Cemetery.

Grave marker for John Blackburn LeBus

Note: George and Ethel “Pa and Ma” LeBus named their second son Jack Blackburn after his paternal grandfather. I have not seen his birth certificate, but it is possible his name was actually John since the name “Jack” is commonly used as a nickname.

I have no record of when John and Annie LeBus arrived in Oklahoma or what attracted them to that area. However, in reading about Noble County in the late 1800’s, I see they may have arrived at a very interesting time in that state’s history. Noble County is located in north-central Oklahoma and was the home of Native Americans for hundreds of years. In 1835 the region became part of the Cherokee Outlet, created by treaty with the Cherokee Nation. During the period of Cherokee ownership, white cattle ranchers of the Cherokee Strip Live Stock Association lease much of the Indian land for grazing.

It was on September 16, 1893, that the famous Oklahoma land run occurred. If the LeBus family was there at the time or participated in the event, it would have been amazing to witness. Here is how a Rev. Fred Belk describes the scene.

 At one minute of 12 o’clock noon on September 16, 1893, a tense silence broken only by the occasional nervous whinny of a horse or braying of a mule fell along the line of the entry of the Cherokee Outlet (Strip). Then, a single shot rang out and one of the most exciting runs’ in the history of the United States began. The silence of the treeless plains were suddenly filled with screaming men, thundering wagons, cracking ships, plunging animals and yapping dogs, and the tidal wave of humanity, surrounded by a cloud of dust, swept towards Perry and its adjoining countryside. They were honest men and thieves, bankers and paupers, adventurers and homesteaders, all wanting some of the virgin land that made the “outlet” famous.

By nightfall, a city of canvas with well over 40,000 population had risen. Estimates are that over 100,000 men, women, and children took part all along the run. The “Strip” as it was later called was 57 miles wide, stretching from the Kansas border to Orlando, and 200 miles long extending to the Texas line and compromising 1/5 of the present state of Oklahoma. Osage, Pawnee, Kay, Noble, Grant, Alfalfa, Major, Woods, Woodward, Harper, and Ellis counties were involved in the “run” and “bread basket” Oklahoma was born.

Sources

Ancestry.com. 1860 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.

Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2003.

Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: 2005.

Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.

Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2006.

Belk, Rev. Fred R., “Early History of Perry, Oklahoma,”  http://www.cityofperryok.com/History.htm

Branson, Mrs. H.L., “The Union League Flag,” Life in Wayne County during the Civil War, Wayne County, Illinois.  http://files.usgwarchives.net/wayne/military/civilwar/civilwar.txt

Clay County, marriage record, Clay County Clerk’s Office, Louisville, Illinois.

“Columbiana County, Ohio,”  http://www.columbianacounty.org/history.htm

Web: Oklahoma, Find A Grave Index, 1800-2012.

Written by Lucy Ann Nance Croft 2010, Updated July 2014.

John B. LeBus Pedigree Chart (click link) John B. LeBus Pedigree Chart

John B. LeBus Family Group Sheet (click link) John B. LeBus FGS – Document

George Franklin LeBus

George Franklin LeBus
George Franklin LeBus

George Franklin LeBus’ story begins December 14, 1876, in Flora, Clay County, Illinois. He was the second child of John and Lucy Ann “Annie” Leyburn LeBus. George’s father was a blacksmith in this small town in southeastern Illinois. By 1880, John, Annie, and their family were living in Loudon, Tennessee. Perhaps they moved there to be near her siblings. From information on the 1880 United States Federal Census, John (J.A. Lebus), is continuing his trade as a blacksmith.

Unfortunately, I know little about George’s childhood and youth, but sometime between 1880 and 1899, he made his way to Texas and settled in Bonham, Texas. There he met and married Ethel Cleora Calk, November 5, 1899. He was operating a blacksmith and machine shop. Eventually this business developed into the LeBus Rotary Tool Works. Family lore tells us that George was an inventive man with an entrepreneurial spirit. This must have been the case because in the early 1900’s he developed a thriving business manufacturing and selling “specialty tools for the booming west Texas oil fields. Tool pushers and/or owners would see a specific need for a new tool and LeBus would forge the new tools on demand.” (http://www.lebus.us)

George and Ethel Calk LeBus wedding photograph.
George and Ethel Calk LeBus wedding photograph.

On the occasion of their 50th wedding anniversary, George and Ethel were interviewed by Frances Hyland, a reporter for the Wichita Daily Times. George’s comments add a little color to the story of his arrival in Bonham and his early life there.

A blacksmith by trade, he had chosen Bonham as the scene of his operations because of the horse racing activity there at that time. ‘Did you tell the reporter that I rode the rods into Bonham?’ Mr. LeBus asked his wife with a sly grin. Then, he hastened to explain that ‘Oh, I had money all right, but I didn’t want to waste it on the cushions.’

Thus it was that the thrifty 24 year old blacksmith was financially able to take a bride.

‘I had my trade,’ he says, ‘and as my responsibilities grew I was able to prove my theory that God doesn’t expect anything from us which He does not equip us…He has given us the tools with which to do the job if we are willing to do it.’

While living in Bonham, George and Ethel started their family with the birth of Frank Leyburn, September 9, 1900. Their first son was followed by two daughters, Hazel Annabelle, born January 23, 1902, and Archie Carlisle, born December 1, 1904.

Sometime before 1906, the LeBus family moved to Madill, Oklahoma. Undoubtedly, George’s business required that they move there. While living in Madill, two more babies were born. Jack Blackburn arrived on April 17, 1906, and Irene Clementine was born February 17, 1908. The LeBus clan was growing!

At the time of the 1910 U.S. Federal Census, George, Ethel and their family were living in Henrietta, located in north central Texas. While there, two more children were born. Roy Henderson arrived on April 10, 1910, and Laura V. was born January 18, 1913.

George went where his work was needed and after their move, he opened another tool company in Henrietta. On the LeBus International website there is a brief history of the company with a few old photographs. One picture is of workers at the old Henrietta plant.

By 1917 George and Ethel had moved again, taking their family to Electra, Texas, located in Wichita County about 15 miles northwest of Wichita Falls. This little town grew somewhat after oil was discovered in 1911 and the Electra Oilfield developed. It is likely this was one reason George decided to bring his tool manufacturing business to the area. His machine shop and blacksmith shop later developed into the LeBus Rotary Tool Work and the LeBus Motor Company.

LeBus home in Electra, Texas.
LeBus home in Electra, Texas.

While living in Electra, the LeBus family continued to grow. George Franklin, Jr. was born May 10, 1917, and Ethel Marie arrived on August 6, 1919. They had one more child, Donavel Calk, born March 13, 1925 and died March 22, 1925. I do not have any information about the death this child, but I imagine it was a sad event in the life of George, Ethel and their entire family. Donavel was their last child.

A world event that must have impacted the LeBus family and their community was World War I. Even though George was not drafted into the military service, he was required to register. Like all United States citizens, he must have felt the effects of his country at war. It is possible that his business and the oil industry, too, may have played a part in providing supplies for the war effort. (This is speculation on my part. I have no documentation.) This conflict involved most of the world’s great powers and was centered on Europe. It has gone down in history as one of the largest and most deadly wars with more than 15 million people killed. It was also known as “The Great War” and “The War to End All Wars.” (George F. LeBus WW I Draft Registration (click link) george-f-lebus-ww-i-draft-registration-scan0001.

The LeBus family lived in Electra for about fifteen years which seemed like a long time for this family to be in one location. George had established a good business and provided very well for his family. Undoubtedly, this large family required a lot of care and attention. On the 1920 U.S. Federal Census, there are fourteen people in the LeBus household, including one daughter-in-law (Frank’s wife, Thelma) and two servants. That was one busy home!

By the time of the 1930 U.S. Federal Census, the LeBus household was much smaller. George and Ethel are listed with three children and one servant. The older children had married and started families of their own. The LeBus family continued to grow but now grandchildren were added into the “fold.” I imagine they enjoyed their new roles as grandparents. They were affectionately called “Pa and Ma” by the little ones.

George and Ethel with family at Electra, Texas home.
George and Ethel with family at Electra, Texas home.

George LeBus knew he had to go where there were business opportunities, so when the East Texas oil boom occurred, the LeBus family moved to Longview to open a machine shop in 1934. This company later developed into LeBus International.

When deep oil was discovered at Kamay in 1938, George decided to move back to Wichita Falls. After turning the LeBus Rotary Tool Works over to some of his children, he entered the oil business.

One interesting note – Frank, the oldest son, was a machinist and became involved in George’s tool manufacturing business at a young age. Eventually, it was Frank who was one of the founders of LeBus International in Longview, Texas.

Upon their return to Wichita Falls, George and Ethel bought a large home on Harrison Street. It was magnificent and became known in the family as the “Big House.” In her autobiography, Lucy Ann Nance Croft shares her memories of this house.

As I try to recall memories of Ma and Pa LeBus’s home (Mr. and Mrs. George F. LeBus, maternal grandparents) in Wichita Falls, Texas, the word that comes to mind is “palatial.” The house I am referring to was the one I remember visiting as a small child; they called it the Big House. They purchased this thirteen-acre estate in the early 1930s and lived there for about twenty years. Amid my mother’s memorabilia, I found the newspaper clipping from the Wichita Falls Record News about my grandparent’s home.

‘George F. LeBus, who left Electra a few years ago to enter competition in the East Texas oil field at Longview, made his return to this area auspiciously significant when he purchased the baronial home name by which the estate is known to Wichitans, covers an expanse of 13 acres on Harrison Avenue in southwest Wichita Falls. The construction of the home is of brick and reinforced concrete, towering three stories and supplied with 19 rooms and six bathrooms . . . the architecture is English colonial. An ornamental iron fence surrounds the grounds, on which are, in addition to the luxurious home, tennis courts, tea house, greenhouse, rose arbor, rose garden, lily ponds, fountain and a four-car garage over which are comfortable quarters for two servants and laundry room.’ (Wichita Falls Record News)

I recall that even though my grandparents were quite wealthy, lived in a lovely mansion with a high-profile life, and had many children and grandchildren, they were both very loving and caring to each and every one of us. There was a lot of laughter, visiting, and hugging in the Big House. Large family holiday gatherings, lively dinners, reunions, birthdays, and dances in the ballroom in the basement were not unusual in such a large family. As Ma said, “it takes a lot of living in a house to make it home.” My grandparents certainly accomplished that. (Croft, 25-27)

“The Big House” in Wichita Falls, Texas.
George and Ethel with children and spouses at The Big House in Wichita Falls, Texas.
George and Ethel with children and spouses at The Big House in Wichita Falls, Texas.

George and Ethel along with their children and grandchildren loved that big home with its beautiful well-tended grounds. Even thought larger groups gathered at holiday times or on special occasions, many enjoyed the times when a few family members or friends gathered around a dinner table or in the den to discuss a myriad of subjects and concerns. I imagine some of those discussions may have become heated as they tried to solve all the world’s problems! Many in the LeBus family were known to be opinionated and outspoken!

Both George and Ethel gave their time and resources to the communities in which they lived. His obituary in the Wichita Falls Times had this to say.

A firm believer in the theory, ‘God doesn’t expect anything from us for which He does not equip us,’ LeBus gave freely of his time and money in an effort to prepare youthful citizens of the area for productive careers. In 1953, LeBus and his wife established a perennial scholarship fund amounting to approximately $6000 annually at Midwestern University. The fund provided for eight scholarships annually – four for men and four for women. In addition to establishing the scholarship fund, LeBus has contributed heavily in the past to Midwestern University building programs.

In 1945 George LeBus wrote and published a small book entitled, Think It Over. I am amazed at his eloquence and depth of expression. His intent in sharing his thoughts is found in an excerpt from The Author’s Preface.

But time is valuable and life is short and one does not have the opportunity to say all he thinks and to explain all the implications. However, upon extended requests, I pick up my pen to add clarity to the bits of philosophy that have made my life happy and triumphant. I do so with humility but with definite conviction; I do so trusting that this little book may contribute something worthwhile to the world. (Page vii)

The book concludes with some LeBus Proverbs. They are quite revealing of the man.

He who expects little things in life will only find little things…He who gets dollars in his eye and six o’clock on his brain is an unhappy man…A man is nothing more or less than what he thinks…The best formula for failure is, ‘Don’t put your heart in your work’…If you are a Son of God then act like one…He who worships his ancestors is half dead already…A machineless machine is as intelligent as a loveless faith…Just as the beach is near the sea; so brotherhood is near God…If you don’t want to get well then don’t go to work; idleness will kill you…Give people the flowers while they are alive so they can enjoy them…You cannot solve life’s problems with hate just as you cannot put a square in a round hole.

The time came when Pa and Ma LeBus decided to sell the Big House. I do not know the reasons, but perhaps they reached a time and age when they wanted a change of lifestyle. That change came in about 1946 and it was a big one. After vacationing in California, they decided to move there. Other family members moved out west at the same time, so Pa and Ma either led the way or followed the family pack. Chances are they led the way! Some of us have memories of taking summer trips out to visit and join them in seeing the sights and basking on the beach. There were tales of them meeting some movie stars, but of course, it is possible the stories were embroidered a bit! Nevertheless, George and Ethel enjoyed their time in California for about one year and then decided to head back “home” to Texas.

Ethel and George LeBus
Ethel and George LeBus

Both Pa and Ma were beginning to have some health issues and that was probably a consideration in deciding to return to Texas. They built a lovely home on Miramar Street in Wichita Falls. It was a large house but not like the Big House. The architectural style was traditional with many features that made it very manageable and comfortable for an older couple. With its spacious living room, kitchen, and dining room, their home continued to be a gathering place for family and friends.

After a full, rich life, George Franklin “Pa” LeBus died on December 24, 1956, in Wichita Falls, Texas. He was buried in the Garden Section of Crestview Memorial Park. Here is an excerpt from his obituary in the Wichita Falls Times.

One of Wichita Falls leading oil men and civic leaders, George F. LeBus, Sr., 2204 Miramar, died Saturday night in a Wichita Falls hospital following a heart attack suffered early Saturday afternoon.

LeBus, 80, suffered a heart attack at 1:45 p.m. Saturday while in the Petroleum Club in the Kemp Hotel.

A resident of Wichita County for 45 years, LeBus was a retired oil man and machine shop operator, having begun his long and colorful career as a blacksmith in Bonham, Texas.

 George Franklin LeBus

George Franklin LeBus

In her autobiography, Lucy Ann Nance Croft remembers here grandfather, “Pa,” this way:

Pa LeBus was an outgoing, friendly man, but I was told that he was quite dogmatic at times. His favorite subjects of discussion or debate were politics and religion, and I understand he could be very opinionated. Even so, Pa was a loving person. He was small in stature but big in spirit. I think of him as being a “doer,” very energetic and involved. He took great pleasure in people and having his large family gathered to eat, visit, and enjoy each other.

I know very little about how Pa LeBus made his fortune except that it was in the oil equipment business. He was a self-made man, working early in his life as a blacksmith and then developing his company during the oil boom in East Texas. During that time he invented some drilling equipment that was patented and used on every oil-drilling rig. (Croft, 41)

Sources

Ancestry.com. 1880 United States Federal Census. [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.

Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census. [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2004.

Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census. [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006.

Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census. [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.

Ancesty.com World War I Draft Registration Card, 1917-1918. [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry Operations, Inc., 2005.

Croft, Lucy Ann Nance, Looking Back: Reflections On My Life, 2007.

Fannin County, marriage certificate no. 103410, vol. L, p. 508, Fannin County Clerk’s Office, Bonham, Texas.

George F. LeBus, death certificate no. 68553, Texas Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Austin.

Heritage Quest Online. 1930 United States Federal Census.

Hyland, Frances, “Mr. and Mrs. George F. LeBus Recall Events in Life Together During Fifty Years Since Marriage,” Wichita Daily Times, November 6 1949.

LeBus, George, Think It Over, 1945.

LeBus International, Inc. (website), “The LeBus History,” http://www.lebus.us

Wichita Falls Times, obituary for George F. LeBus, December 30, 1956.

Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, “World War I,” www.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_WarI

Written by Lucy Ann Nance Croft, 2010

George F. LeBus Pedigree Chart (click link) george-f-lebus-pedigree-chart

George F. LeBus Family Group Sheet (clink link) george-franklin-lebus-fgs

 

Archie Carlisle LeBus Nance

Archie Carlisle LeBus
Archie Carlisle LeBus

Archie Carlisle LeBus was born on December 1, 1904, in Bonham, Fannin County, Texas. She was the third child of George and Ethel Calk LeBus, and they named their baby girl after her two uncles, Archie LeBus and Levi Carlisle Calk. Bonham is a small community in Northeastern Texas, one of the oldest towns in the state (settled in 1837). At the time of her birth Archie’s “Papa” owned a machine shop.

Unfortunately, there are few stories to relate about Archie’s childhood except that her father was a man of entrepreneurial spirit and provided well for his family. Her mother was the consummate homemaker and a wonderful example to Archie. It is entirely possible that if her younger brothers or sisters could be asked, they might say that Archie was like a second “mother” to them. Evidently, her early life was a training ground. As her children can attest, as a wife and mother, nothing pleased Archie more than keeping a lovely home, cooking good meals for her husband, Bennett, and nurturing her children and supporting them in their endeavors.

In 1910 the LeBus family was living in Henrietta, Texas, and Archie now had three younger siblings. By 1920 they had moved to Electra, Texas, and George and Ethel had completed their family of nine children – Frank, Hazel, Archie, Jack, Irene, Roy, Laura V., George Franklin “G.F.”, and Ethel Marie.

Neither George nor Ethel LeBus had a great deal of formal education but they must have encouraged Archie’s interest in learning and education. After graduation from Electra High School in 1922, Archie attended Ward Belmont in Nashville, Tennessee (1922-1923) and then later Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, Texas (1923-1924). At both schools she developed a number of wonderful friendships. As those who knew Archie might expect, she remained in contact with some of these friends for many years. Even at the time of her death, several of her friends from school days sent letters of condolence to Archie’s husband and children.

Coed Cutups! (Archie back left)
Coed Cutups! (Archie back left)

Archie met her future husband, Bennett Allen Nance, when they were both seniors in Electra High School in Electra, Texas (1921-1922). After graduation they each went their separate ways for several years but remained in contact.

Bennett Nance gave a wonderful gift to his family when he wrote a short autobiography. In it he shares thoughts about this time in his and Archie’s life together.

 On a trip back to Electra, I was re-acquainted with Archie (we had been corresponding) and I decided I wanted to get married. It was the luckiest thing that ever happened to me, to acquire such a priceless pearl. She was the greatest thing that ever happened to me. We were married on January 1, 1925, in Wichita Falls, Texas, at the First Christian Church. Though nothing was ever said about their eloping, the ceremony must have been very small because Bennett says – her brother, Jack LeBus stood up for us, not mentioning any other people.

We went on our honeymoon in a Model T Ford. After this, we decided to move back to Canyon with my folks. There were three families of us – my father and mother, my brother George and his wife, Lucille, and Archie and myself living in one house.

Mom (Archie) and I were never happy on the ranch in Canyon with my folks, so we went to Electra and I went to work at the LeBus and Friend (L & F) Chevrolet Company selling cars and helping out front at the gas pumps. In the meantime, Papa (Bennett’s father) had sent me word that if I could find a ranch that I liked, he would look into the matter. I began to look around for another location and found an area that intrigued me around Rocksprings down in the Hill Country of Texas. (Bennett Nance)

 In 1926, while Bennett and Archie were still living in Electra, a very sad life event occurred. Their first child was born on September 16 – a baby girl who they named Aileen. Regrettably, we know she died the same day. It must have been devastating for Archie and Bennett to lose their first child. As a mother myself I cannot think of anything more difficult than the loss of a child, no matter the age. There is a record of her death but no information about the cause. My mother, Archie, never shared anything with me about her first pregnancy or this terrible event. It must have been too painful. Fortunately, she did have a large family around to bring her comfort and consolation. Even though early childhood death may have been more common in those days, it does not negate the fact that it was a very sad time in Bennett and Archie’s early life tog

In his autobiography, Bennett Nance writes that his father told him if he found a good ranch he would buy for him. Bennett went looking and found a ranch in central Texas.

 Papa Nance purchased the ranch from the Rudisil’s. It was located on the Divide of the Edwards Plateau where the Frio River started and it became known as the Divide Ranch, 35 miles east of Rocksprings and 65 miles west of Kerrville. Archie and I moved south to take over the operation of this ranch.

In late August, 1927, we had all of our belongings loaded and traveled to the ranch to start our new adventure. I drove a truck and Archie followed in the car. We drove on mostly dirt roads. I can remember driving up to the ranch and going through the gate that was just about 100 yards from the house. The gate was too narrow and I ripped our new bedsprings off the side of the truck. Archie was upset and crying. You must remember this was a real change for her, but she was determined to try and be a good wife and mate.

We started improving the ranch. I was very pleased now being in what I thought was the best place on earth and in a new business. I knew nothing about sheep and goats, although, I had the advantage of being a country boy. The Great Depression was starting, but we were always able to get groceries once a week on credit payable when the mohair or wool sold. (Bennett Nance)

It is a treasure to have Bennett’s recollections of his and Archie’s early life on the Divide Ranch. He does not make big issue of it, but this new lifestyle was a huge change for Archie. She was not a country girl and had grown up surrounded by a large supportive family. Undoubtedly, she had to call on some deep reserves of strength and faith as she adjusted to life on a sheep and goat ranch in a remote area of Texas. It seems to me she rose to the occasion!

More changes occurred in 1929 when Bennett and Archie were expecting a baby. Because Archie needed to be near a doctor and medical attention, they decided to move back to Electra. Having lost their first child, it makes sense that they had some anxiety about this second baby and felt relief knowing she would also have family support there in Electra. Dan Allen was born April 10, 1929. Happily they welcomed their healthy baby boy! After Archie and Dan were strong enough to travel, they moved back to the ranch.

Dan Allen Nance
Dan Allen Nance

On October 25, 1931 Archie gave birth to a beautiful baby daughter, Nancy. Again, they had moved near a doctor but this time to Kerrville which was only 65 miles from the ranch. By this time, they had built a new home on the ranch which was more comfortable and suitable for their growing family. I recall hearing about the larger kitchen with both a wood-burning iron stove and a gas stove. Archie probably enjoyed her better equipped kitchen since cooking for her family was something she absolutely loved.

Nancy Nance at 3 years old
Nancy Nance at 3 years old

In his autobiography, Bennett says that by 1935 living in such a remote area presented a “school problem” for Dan and Nancy. To help remedy this they built a small school house and employed a tutor, Miss Dorothy Sikes, from Center Point, Texas to live in and teach the children. However, as the Depression continued to worsen, home schooling worked for only a short time. They decided to rent a house in Kerrville during the fall and winter so that Dan and Nancy could attend school. Bennett commuted back and forth from town to ranch.

Bennett and Archie’s family continued to grow and on February 22, 1937, their baby girl, Lucy Ann, was born at home in Kerrville. (She was named after Bennett’s mother.) Perhaps it was more common at that time to give birth at home, but it must have required some special preparations and, of course, a doctor who made house calls! In her autobiography, Lucy Nance Croft shares some memories her brother Dan had about her birth.

Lucy Ann Nance at 6 months
Lucy Ann Nance at 6 months

The first thing I can remember about you is Mom’s preparations for your being born at home. At the time it was 925 Myrta Street. Of course, that’s in Kerrville. I remember Mom and her friends obtained a hospital bed somewhere. They made up a lot of absorbent pads. They also had a crib and other things around. I can recall the big event but really not in great detail. (Croft, 7)

In the fall of 1938 there was another move for the Nance family. The school situation again presented a problem and the decision was made to rent a home in San Antonio so that Dan and Nancy could attend better schools. This was a longer commute to the ranch for Bennett but it was necessary.

Continuing to search for a solution to the “school problem,” Bennett and Archie decided to purchase a home and move to Wichita Falls, Texas so that Dan and Nancy could attend school there and Archie would be near her family. Bennett continued to commute to the ranch but says that because he had good help he could stay in Wichita Falls for longer periods of time. However, this changed in 1941 with the advent of World War II. He had to do his part in the war effort by raising food, mohair, and wool. This meant spending more time at the ranch and away from his family. With her husband away for periods of time, Archie must have been happy to be near her family during this time of national and world upheaval.

A very happy event occurred on July 25, 1943, when Bennett and Archie added a beautiful little red haired baby boy, Steven Anthony, to the family! Not long after his birth, the family sold their home in Wichita Falls and moved back to Kerrville. They lived at the ranch for about six months while the house at 901 Myrta Street was being remodeled. During that time, Nancy and Lucy attended a one-room school on the Divide while Dan was enrolled at Kemper Military School in Boonville, Missouri.

Steven Anthony Nance
Steven Anthony Nance

When the Nance family moved into their Kerrville home in early 1944, Archie’s days in the country were over. Though their life was in Kerrville, they would go out to the ranch on occasion until it was sold in 1948. It makes me wonder how Archie felt about all of this change – perhaps a mixture of joy, relief, and nostalgia. In her book, Lucy Nance Croft shares some of her memories of life on the Divide Ranch.

  • The ranch house with a large screened in porch.
  • The rocking chairs on the porch and Daddy holding and rocking me.
  • Daddy teaching me to ride my horse, Tom Thumb, a Shetland pony.
  • Having a pet fawn.
  • Sheep shearing time.
  • Mama cooking on the large, wood-burning iron stove.
  • Swimming in a large water tank.
  • Barbecue suppers when the ranchers and their families from the Divide gathered to visit and break bread.
  • Clothes drying on the clothesline.
  • Playing records on a wind-up “Victrola.”
  • Making blanket houses on the porch and being stung by a scorpion!
  • Mama making clabber and butter in a hand-operated churn.
  • Windmills.
  • The rocky countryside and barbed wire fences.

With their family complete, Bennett and Archie began their life in Kerrville and being a part of this Texas Hill Country community became very important to them. As it turned out, 901 Myrta Street was the Nance home for 47 years. During those many years they lived a full, rich life filled with the joys and sorrows of raising their children and then welcoming grandchildren into their lives. To Denise, Ben, Hank, George, Bennett, Leslie, Lyle, Lloyd, Stephanie, and Laura, they were affectionately called “Mom and Pop.” Nothing pleased Mom more than being with her dear grandchildren and spoiling them a bit with her delicious homemade biscuits! I am sure if asked, each of them would have a story about hanging out in her kitchen.

Bennett and Archie with children for Christmas dinner, circa 1965.
Bennett and Archie with children for Christmas dinner, circa 1965.
Bennett and Archie's grandchildren gathered for Christmas dinner at the "children's table."
Bennett and Archie’s grandchildren gathered for Christmas dinner at the “children’s table.”

Later in their life together, Pop and Mom bought a small country house on 60 acres of land near Leakey, Texas. It was a very pretty property adjacent to Rosetta Nance’s home and very near the Frio River. They called it “El Charco.” Perhaps Pop enjoyed this rustic spot more than Mom, but nevertheless, it provided a little “get-away” for them. It is possible that it reminded them a little of their early days living on the Divide ranch.

House at Rio Frio, Texas. - "El Charco"
House at Rio Frio, Texas. – “El Charco”

In her autobiography, Lucy Nance Croft fondly remembers her mother.

Mama loved to cook! We in the family, children and grandchildren alike, will always picture her spending many hours each day in her kitchen. She knew everyone’s favorite foods and delighted in preparing these special dishes for them. Her specialties included homemade biscuits, lemon cake, sweet potato pie, cornbread, chicken and dumplings, and peach preserves—made from Fredericksburg peaches. She loved the study of nutrition and madesure her meals were not only tasty but healthy as well. She said many times “I plan to die healthy”—and she did!

Another activity my mother enjoyed was sewing. She always kept her sewing machine set up and ready for action. She took pride in her appearance—and ours as well. She had a special knack for repairing, altering, and redoing, so that we all had clothes that were stylish and in great shape. Needlepoint was another of her pleasures, particularly if she was making a pillow or decorative item as a gift for a loved one.

Style, not vanity, was certainly one of Mama’s attributes. She had a real sense of style and quality, and it was important to her that it was reflected in her personal appearance. Her wardrobe included lovely clothes, jewelry, shoes, and purses. Many remember her beautiful steel gray hair and lovely skin.

Archie with daughters, Nancy and Lucy.
Archie with daughters, Nancy and Lucy.

Like my dad, Mama spent many afternoon and evening hours reading. She was a devotee of the Science of Mind Magazine that emphasized the importance of a healthy mind and spiritual growth. Of course, she loved home magazines and books about nutrition and health. She appreciated good music and could play a few tunes on the piano. A favorite leisure activity was listening to recordings of religious or popular songs. Unlike Daddy, she really enjoyed television movies and sporting events such as golf and football.

Church activities were of great interest to Mama, particularly when we were growing up. She attended worship and women’s groups and helped on numerous occasions with church-related dinners and parties. In her later years, she and Daddy enjoyed watching Robert Schuler’s television worship service, The Hour of Power, from the Crystal Cathedral in California. She also liked his books on tape. Unfortunately, one of her unrealized dreams was to attend a service in the cathedral.

Mama was basically a serious-minded woman, but she could enjoy a joke or funny story, unless it was on her! Like most of us, criticism, direct or otherwise, was difficult for her. She was a person of great integrity and honesty and was quite moderate in her tastes, religion, and politics. She valued her family, her religious freedom, and her country. She appreciated and respected the natural world and its beauty and fragility. I believe this was demonstrated in the way she adapted to life on the ranch as a young woman and by her loving care of growing things. She spent hours in her beautiful yard, working to make it more attractive and healthy.

Traveling with Daddy and the family was one of her pleasures, and together they enjoyed the beauty of the United States and Canada. I remember her saying she would love to go to Hawaii, but unfortunately they never got there. Flying was not their favorite means of travel, so that may have been one reason the trip never materialized.

Archie and Bennett celebrating their 50th wedding anniversary.
Archie and Bennett celebrating their 50th wedding anniversary.

Mama influenced me in so many ways, and as is so often the case, I did not see it until I was an adult. Each of my children has told me that in certain ways I remind them of “Mom,” as she was known to her grandchildren. I consider that a great compliment, especially when I consider her love of the home and family life; her deep spirituality and Christian faith; the importance she placed on education, reading, and study; the significance she placed on good health as demonstrated in her delicious and nutritious food; her desire to please and, to not only do things right, but to do the right thing; the love of people she exhibited in reaching out to others; and her sense of style and beauty shown in how she cared for herself, her home, and her family. And last but not least, her graciousness and gentleness.(Croft, 32-35)

Archie "Mom" Nance
Archie “Mom” Nance

August 5, 1987 was a very sad day for Bennett Nance and his family – his beloved wife Archie died. Every year Bennett and Archie made a trip to the Rio Grande Valley to check out the cotton crop on their farm. While visiting there in early August, she died without warning. Her funeral was held in Kerrville and her burial at the Sunset Cemetery in Mountain Home.

nance-archie-lebus-grave-marker-monday-october-05-2009

Archie LeBus Nance

Our fondest memories of our mother…Being a devoted wife, mother, and grandmother…A love of cooking and entertaining…Her Loving patience…An enjoyment of sewing and needlework…Her love of reading and study of nutrition…Enjoyment of travel with family around the United States…Collector of photographs, antique glassware, and furniture…Her love of inspirational literature and music.

Sources

Ancestry.com. 1910 United States Federal Census, [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006.

Ancestry.com. 1920 United States Federal Census, [database online]. Provo, UT,USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010.

Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census, [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2002.

Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census,[database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012.

Ancestry.com. Texas Death Index, 1903-2000, [database online]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2006.

Archie Carlisle LeBus, birth certificate no. 59000, Texas Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Austin, Texas.

Archie C. Nance, death certificate no. 06859, Texas Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistic, Austin, Texas.

“City of Bonham History,” www.cobon.net/history.htm.

Croft, Lucy Ann Nance, Looking Back: Reflections on My Life, 2007.

Kellner, Marjorie, Project Director, Wagons, Ho! A History of Real County, Texas, Curtis Media, Inc., 1995.

Kerrville Daily Times, Obituary for Archie Nance, August 10, 1987.

Nance, Bennett Allen, Autobiography of Bennett Allen Nance: Rancher in Real County, 1927-1948, 1985. n.p.

Wichita County, marriage license no. 12846, Wichita County Clerk’s Office, Wichita Falls, Texas.

Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, “Bonham, Texas,” http://wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonham,_Texas

Written by Lucy Ann Nance Croft, 2010

Archie LeBus Nance Pedigree Chart (click link) archie-lebus-nance-pedigree-chart-scan0001